Adler, Nanci. Victims of Soviet terror: The Story of the Memorial Movement. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1993.

—. The Gulag Survivor. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 2002.

—. “The Future of the Soviet Past Remains Unpredictable: The Ressurection of Stalinist Symbols Amidst the Exhumation of Mass Graves,” Europe-Asia Studies 57, no. 8 (2005): 1093-1119.

—. “Enduring Repression: Narratives of Loyalty to the Party Before, During and After the Gulag.” Europe-Asia Studies 62, no. 2 (2010): 211-234.

Adler, Nanci et al., (eds). Memories of mass repression: narrating life stories in the aftermath of atrocity. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 2009.

Aleksievich, Svetlana. Zacharovannye Smertyu (Enchanted by Death). (Moscow: Slovo, 1994). Available on-line in Russian at

Altman, Ilya. “Memorializatsiya Holocosta v Rossii: istoriya, sovremenost’, perspektivy.” Neprikosnovenny Zapas (Reserve Stock. Debates about Politics and Culture), No. 2-3 (2005).

Applebaum, Anne. Gulag: a History. New York: Doubleday, 2003.

Blaive, Muriel, Christian Gerbel, and Thomas Lindenberger (eds). Clashes in European Memory: The Case of Communist Repression and the Holocaust. Innsbruck, Wien, Bozen: StudienVerlag, 2011.

Boym, Svetlana. “From the Russian Soul to Post-Communist Nostalgia”, Representationsno. 49, 1995.

—. The Future of Nostalgia. New York: Basic Books, 2001.

—. “Banality of Evil: Mimicry, and the Soviet Subject: Varlam Shalamov and Hannah Arendt.” Slavic Review 67, No. 2 (2008).

Dobrenko, Evgeniy.‘ “The Entire Real World of Children”: The School tale and “Our Happy Childhood.” ‘ The Slavic and East European Journal vol. 49, no. 2, 2005.

Dubin, Boris. ‘Only a diverse and deep society can effectively preserve memory’, paper presented at the Round Table “1937-2007: Memory and Responsibility.” Gorbachev Foundation, Moscow, Russia, September 26, 2007.

Etkind, Alexander. “Hard and Soft in Cultural Memory: Political Mourning in Russia and Germany.” Grey Room, No. 16 (2004),

—. “A Parable of Misrecognition: Anagnorisis and the Return of the Repressed from the Gulag.” The Russian Review (Oct 2009),

—. “Stories of the Undead in the Land of the Unburied: Magical Historicism in Contemporary Russian Fiction.” Slavic Review (Fall 2009),

—. “Post-Soviet Hauntology: Cultural Memory of the Soviet Terror.” Constellations: An International Journal of Critical and Democratic Theory 16, No.1 (2009): 182-200,

Ferretti, Maria. “Neprimirimaya Pamyat: Rossia I voyna. Zametka na polyax spora na zhguchuyu temu’ (‘Irreconcilable memory: Russia and War’).” Neprikosnovenny Zapas (Reserve Stock. Debates about Politics and Culture), No. 2-3 (2005).

Figes, Orlando. The Whisperers. Private Life in Stalin’s Russia. New York: Metropolitan Books, 2007.

Fitzpatrick, Sheila. Everyday Stalinism : Ordinary life in Extraordinary times: Soviet Russia in the 1930s. Oxford University Press, New York, 1999.

Flige, Irina. “Sovremennaya Istoricheskoe Znanie o Bolshom Terrore I Publichnaya Pamyat’ o Nyom Zametno Razoshlis (Contemporary Historical Consciousness about the Great Terror and the Public Memory Have Significantly Diverged).” Paper presented at the Round Table, “1937-2007: Memory and Responsibility,” Gorbachev Foundation, Moscow, Russia, September 26, 2007.

Forest, Benjamin, Juliet Johnson and Karen Till. “Post-totalitarian national identity: public memory in Germany and Russia.’” Social & Cultural Geography 5, No. 3 (September 2004).

Frierson, Cathy A. and Semyon S. Vilensky. Children of the Gulag. Yale University Press, New Haven, 2010.

Geyer, Michael and Sheila Fitzpatrick (eds). Beyond totalitarianism : Stalinism and Nazism compared. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Gheith, Jehanne M. “‘I never talked”: Enforced Silence, Non-narrative Memory, and the Gulag.'” Mortality, No. 2 (2007).

Gudkov, Lev. “Pamyat’ o Voyne I Massovaya Identichnost’ Rossiyan (The Memory of the War and Russian Mass Identity).” Neprikosnovenny Zapas (Reserve Stock. Debates about Politics and Culture), No. 2-3 (2005).

Kattago, Siobhan. “War Memorials and the Politics of Memory: the Soviet War Memorial in Tallinn.” Constellations 16, No. 1.

Kasyanov, Gregoriy. “The Nationalisation of history in Ukraine.” Public lecture delivered for “Public Lectures” project by 13 November 2008,

Kelly, Catriona. ‘’Riding the Magic Carpet: Children and Leader Cult in the Stalin Era.” The Slavic and East European Journal 49, No. 2 (2005).

Kukulin, Ilya. “The Regulation of Pain. The Great Patriotic War in Russian literature from the 1940s to the 1970s.” Eurozine, No. 6 (May 2005), accessed 9 July 2010,

Levinson, Aleksey. “Voyna, Voyny, o Voyne (War, Wars, About the War).” Neprikosnovenny Zapas (Reserve Stock. Debates about Politics and Culture), No. 2-3 (2005).

Litvin, Alter and John Keep. Stalinism: Russian and Western views at the turn of the millennium. New York: Routledge, 2005.

Mandelstam, Nadezdha. Hope Against HopeA Memoir, translated by Max Hayward. London: Harvill Press, 1971.

—. Hobe Abandoned: A Memoir, translated by Max Hayward. London: Harvill Press, 1974

Merridale, Catherine. The Night of Stone. Death and Memory in Russia. London: Granta, 2000.

—. “Revolution among the dead: cemeteries in twentieth-century Russia.” Mortality 8, No. 2 (2003).

Naimark, Norman M. Stalin’s Genocides. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2012.

Paperno, Irina. “Exhuming the Bodies of Soviet Terror.” Representations No. 75, 2001.

Paperno, Irina. “Personal Accounts of the Soviet Experience.” Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History, No. 4, 2002.

—.”Dreams of Terror. Dreams from Stalinist Russia as a Historical Source.” Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History, No. 4 (2006).

Roginsky, Arseni. “Fragmented memory: Stalin and Stalinism in Present-Day Russia.” Eurozine

—. “Current Tendency is to Push the Memory of Mass Terror to the Margins of Our Consciousness. Paper presented at the Round Table, “1937-2007: Memory and Responsibility,” Gorbachev Foundation, Moscow, Russia, 26, September, 2007.

—. “The Memory of Stalinism.” Paper presented at the international conference,  “Studying the History of Stalinism: Achievements and Current Problems,” Moscow, Russia, 5-7 December 2008.

Rév, István.  Justice. Prehistory of Post-Communism. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2005.

Richards, Susan. Lost and Found in Russia: Encounters in a Deep Heartland. I.B. Tauris & Co, London & New York, 2009.

Rousso, Henry (ed.). Stalinism and Nazism: History and Memory Compared. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 2004.

Rutten, Ellen. “Art as Therapy. Sorokin’s Strifle with the Soviet Trauma Across Media.” Russian Literature 65, no. 4 (2009): 539-59,

Ryklin, Mikhail K. et al. “Bodies of Terror: Theses Toward a Logic of Violence.” New Literary History 24, No. 1 (1993): 51-74.

Satter, David. It Was a Long Time Ago, and It Never Happened Anyway: Russia and the Communist Past. New York: Yale University Press, 2011.

Shalamov, Varlam. Kolyma Tales. Trans. John Glad. London: Penguin, 1994.

George Sanford. Katyn and the Soviet Massacre of 1940 : Truth, Justice and Memory. London; New York: Routledge, 2005.

Shalin, Dmitri N. (ed.). Russian Culture at the Crossroads. Paradoxes of Postcommunist Consciousness. Boulder: Westview Press, 1996.

Sherbakova, Irina. “The Gulag in Memory,” in Memory and Totalitarianism, edited by  Luisa Passerini. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 2005.

—. “Nad Kartoy Pamyati (Over the Memory-Map).” Nprikosnovenniy Zapas, No. 2-3, 2005.

Schleifman, Nurit. (ed.). Russia at a Crossroads: History, Memory and Political Practice. London: Frank Cass, 1998.

Smith, Kathleen E. Remembering Stalin’s Victims: Popular Memory and the End of the USSR. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1996.

—. Mythmaking in the New Russia: Politics and Memory in the Yeltsin Era. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2002.

Todorova, Maria (ed.). Remembering Communism: Genres of Representation. New York: Social Science Research Council, 2010.

Toker, Leona. “Towards a Poetics of Documentary Prose – from the Perspective of Gulag Testimonies.” Poetics Today, No. 2, 1997.

Tumarkin, Nina. Lenin Lives!: The Lenin Cult in Soviet Russia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1983.

—. The Living and the Dead: The Rise and Fall of the Cult of World War II in Russia. New York: Basic Books, 1994.

Volk, Christian. “Stalinism, Memory and Commemoration: Russia’s Dealing with the Past.” The New School Psychology Bulletin 6, No. 2 (2009).

Yekelchyk, Serhy. Stalin’s Empire of Memory: Russian-Ukrainian Relations in the Soviet Historical Imagination. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2004.

Steven J. Zipperstein. Imagining Russian Jewry: Memory, History, Identity. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1999.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *